Things to Know About Golden Temple India Before Visiting There


The Golden Temple, also known as Sri Harmandir Sahib, is a revered Sikh pilgrimage site located in Amritsar, India. It is not just a religious place but a symbol of equality, spirituality, and human brotherhood. Before you embark on your journey to this iconic destination, here are a few things you should know:

1. Spiritual Significance

The Golden Temple holds immense spiritual significance for the Sikh community. It is considered the holiest Gurudwara and serves as the central religious place for Sikhs around the world. The temple complex is home to the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism, which is recited continuously.

2. Architectural Marvel

The Golden Temple is a stunning architectural marvel that showcases the fusion of Islamic and Hindu architectural styles. The glistening golden dome, intricate marble work, and the serene Amrit Sarovar (the holy tank) all contribute to its awe-inspiring beauty. The temple is a testament to the rich heritage and craftsmanship of the Sikh community.

3. Dress Code and Etiquette

When visiting the Golden Temple, it is important to dress modestly and respectfully. Both men and women are required to cover their heads with a scarf or a handkerchief as a sign of humility. It is also customary to remove your shoes and wash your feet before entering the temple complex. Maintaining silence and refraining from smoking or consuming alcohol is also expected.

4. Langar – The Community Kitchen

The Golden Temple is renowned for its langar, a community kitchen that serves free meals to all visitors irrespective of their caste, creed, or social status. It is the largest free kitchen in the world and operates 24 hours a day. Participating in the langar is a humbling experience that allows you to contribute to the spirit of selfless service.

5. The Golden Temple at Night

Visiting the Golden Temple at night is a mesmerizing experience. The temple is beautifully illuminated, reflecting its golden splendor in the calm waters of the Amrit Sarovar. The night-time ambiance adds a mystical charm to the already serene surroundings. Witnessing the Palki Sahib ceremony, where the Guru Granth Sahib is carried to its resting place, is a must-see spectacle.

6. The Akal Takht

Adjacent to the Golden Temple is the Akal Takht, the highest temporal seat of Sikh authority. It serves as a platform for addressing religious and social issues concerning the Sikh community. The Akal Takht is an important institution that upholds the principles of Sikhism and plays a vital role in the religious affairs of Sikhs.

7. Historical Significance

The Golden Temple has witnessed several significant events in Sikh history. It was here that Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Sikh Guru, compiled the Adi Granth, the original version of the Guru Granth Sahib. The temple complex also suffered damage during Operation Blue Star in 1984, making it a site of historical importance.

8. The Jallianwala Bagh Memorial

While in Amritsar, a visit to the Jallianwala Bagh Memorial is highly recommended. Located near the Golden Temple, it commemorates the tragic incident of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919. This memorial serves as a reminder of the sacrifices made during the struggle for independence and is a place for reflection and remembrance.


The Golden Temple in India is not just a place of worship but a symbol of unity, spirituality, and selfless service. Visiting this sacred site offers a unique opportunity to immerse yourself in the rich Sikh culture and experience the warmth and hospitality of the Sikh community. Remember to respect the customs and traditions associated with the Golden Temple to make the most of your visit.

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